The story of samba in Recife is traditional. The earliest registers are from the first decades of last century. The first references of samba in schools appear in Casa Amarela neighborhood, at group Bando da Noite, later called Quatro de Outubro Samba School. Today, there are several groups of the rhythm all over the city: Afogados, São José, Bomba do Hemetério, Areias, Joana Bezerra and Santo Amaro. Recife is nowadays considered the third place of samba in Brazil.

In Recife, samba is the base of two Carnival groups. The school of samba is a group well defined, with wings, front party, mestre sala and porta bandeira, as well as a theme and a samba script that will set the decoration of the cars and the costumes. Besides, groups parade and compete against each other every year during Carnival, like in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. As for samba groups, they are percussion groups that may present costumes and structures similar to schools, but without a severe format. Also, this group is not part of the competition. Its essence is the samba orchestra.