HISTORY

The so-called Entrudo-selvagem, a celebrative ritual, arrives in Brazil with the Portuguese, and it is the predecessor to our Carnival. “In Pernambuco, the Clergy had interest in the connection between this party to the Catholic liturgy, intending to civilize it”. Facing failure, some restrictive measures are taken, all of which also unsuccessful. It is interesting to observe that, since the very beginning, there are two kinds of entrudo: the elite ones, in private spaces, and the one for the masses, taking place in public spaces, where the battles, water attacks and the famous limes, which weren’t always scented.

There were several strategies to rule its interdiction, all of which with no intended success; thus, influent classes started a great repression through the State, prohibiting Entrudo and putting it under the surveillance of the police.

A new proposal for the party entails, based on European Carnivals which were characterized by luxury, masks, and took place in bourgeoisie private spaces. In Brazil, taking Europe as a model, the elite would promote their Carnivals in mansions, theaters and saloons, where rhythms such as polka, mazurka and others would be played.

Little by little, groups of masked people would take the streets downtown, in open cars pulled by horses or on foot, theMascarada already dominated the enclosed spaces and the parades in public spaces. In order to do so, aimed at retrieving from the population in general the custom of dancing on the streets and wearing masks, mainly negros who brought such cultural aspect from Africa. Such prohibitions, as well as their overtaking of the streets, triggered several reactions and persecutions.

From 1862 on, there comes a period for the organization of fun on the streets, and after 1888, with the abolition of slavery, this process is enhanced. The insurgent working class organizes itself in groups called Clubs and promotes their Carnival parades on the urban spaces.

It is the origin of the Carnival associations in its diversity, in the city of Recife. Among the associates of such clubs, one could highlight the urban working class, small vendors, street vendors, newspaper vendors, washing ladies, seamstresses, butchers and many service providers.